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Chandigarh, August 29.
Chandrayaan-3’s Pragyan rover is studying the moon, and it used a special instrument called Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to measure the elements on the lunar surface near the south pole.
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Chandrayaan-3 Mission: Ongoing scientific experiments are taking place on the moon. The rover’s instrument called Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) has detected the presence of Sulphur (S) on the lunar surface near the south pole. This is the first time measurements have been taken directly on-site. For more information, visit the link: [insert link].
On August 29, 2023, ISRO posted something on Twitter.
The measurements taken in the area have confirmed the presence of Sulphur. This was not possible to do using the instruments on the orbiters. ISRO announced this on Tuesday.
This picture shows the Pragyan rover from Chandrayaan-3 exploring the moon’s surface. PTI is an acronym that stands for something or someone.
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LIBS is a scientific method that checks what materials are made of by using powerful laser beams.
A super powerful beam of light is pointed at the top of something like a rock or dirt. The laser pulse creates a very hot and concentrated plasma. The plasma light that is collected is separated into different colors and then measured by detectors like Charge Coupled Devices. When an element is in a plasma state, it gives off a certain type of light. This light helps us figure out what elements are present in the material.
Some initial tests have shown Aluminum, Sulphur, Calcium, Iron, Chromium, and Titanium on the moon’s surface. More tests showed that manganese (Mn), silicon (Si), and oxygen (O) are present. We are currently doing a detailed study to find out if there is Hydrogen present or not.
LIBS payload is made at the Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS)/ISRO, Bengaluru.